BMJ Blog

From the Studio: Gold-Capped Earrings

Posted on July 12, 2018 by Barbara Polinsky | 0 Comments

Many of my designs are inspired by the natural world. While I’ve created several pieces using elements directly cast from flowers, buds, twigs, and branches, I decided to go a different direction with these two pairs of earrings. Rather than directly casting budding flowers, these earrings feature stones that recall the delicate beginnings of a flower.

Pearl and Rhodite Garnet Earrings

From the Studio: Gold-Capped Earrings

These earrings were created with cultured pearls, rhodite garnets 18-karat ear wire, and 22-karat hand formed gold blossom caps.

Rose Quartz Earrings

These earrings feature rose quartz with 18-karat ear wires and 22-karat gold caps.

Posted in earrings, from the studio, gold, nature inspired jewelry

The History of The Enchanting Moonstone

Posted on June 07, 2018 by Mary Hood | 0 Comments

Gem Lore: Moonstone

Moonstone Pendant

The ever-captivating moonstone has been the subject of lore and fantasy across time and cultures—and it’s no wonder. The natural structure of moonstone beautifully scatters light, recalling the soft and luminous elegance of the moon itself (an effect known as adularescence that looks like a full moon shining through a thin veil of clouds—or moonlight glowing in water). In fact, according to Hindu mythology, moonstones are made of solidified moon beams. Furthermore, the Romans and Greeks associated moonstone with their lunar deities.

Moonstone used to be called “adularia,” a name that originated with a city in Switzerland, Mt. Adular (now St. Gotthard), one of the first sources of fine moonstone.

Like the moon, moonstone is often associated with feminine energy, sensitivity, and intuition. Moonstone has been so deeply associated with femininity that some beliefs connect it to pregnancy and childbirth.

Legends also say that moonstone helps you see the future (especially if the stone is placed in your mouth during a full moon). Other beliefs hold moonstone as a travel talisman, especially for those traveling at sea, a place ruled by the moon itself.

Moonstone Necklace Featuring Assorted Gems

Moonstone Necklace Featuring Assorted Gems

In the tradition of crystal healing, moonstone is believed to aid the pituitary gland and  the digestive system while reducing water retention and obesity. It’s also used to calm responses to stress and help its users avoid over-reacting to stressful moments.

Teardrop Moonstone Necklace

Teardrop Moonstone Necklace

Moonstone has also been featured in art throughout the ages. Artisans of the late nineteenth-century Arts and Crafts movement featured moonstone in handcrafted silver items, and later, René Lalique and Louis Comfort Tiffany of the Art Nouveau era used moonstone in their jewelry. Moonstone found contemporary appeal with the “flower children” of the 1960s who sought an ethereal look. New Age artists of the 1990s also turned to moonstone inspiration.

Rene Lalique Moonstone

Pocket watch by Rene Lalique (1860-1945), Ca. 1899-1900. Gold, enamel, moonstone.

 You may also be interested in: What is a Druzy? 

What Are the Different Types of Opals?

The Meaning of Pearls

__

Photo: Max Pixels, Amelia Isa via Flickr, Siam Gem Palace

Posted in gem facts, gem lore, moonstone

May Birthstone: Emerald

Posted on May 04, 2018 by Mary Hood | 0 Comments

May Birthstone: Emerald

A stone with one of the richest histories in all of gem lore, the emerald continues to captivate and enchant jewelry lovers with its incomparable green hue. Because deep green emeralds with high clarity are quite rare (and incredibly valuable), the stone is often heat treated to enhance its natural color and improve its clarity. Emeralds are a variety of beryl—a mineral that grows with six sides and may grow up to a foot tall.

Gemologists consider emerald to be one of the oldest mined stones with evidence indicating that it was mined in Egypt as early as 330 B.C.E.—yet some estimates suggest that the oldest emerald stones may be up to 2.97 billion years old!

The name “emerald” comes from the Greek “smaragdus,” meaning green. Emeralds have been found in Columbia, Brazil, AfghanColombiaambia, and Egypt. The Egyptians featured emerald in their jewelry and burial rituals. Believed to be a symbol of protection, emeralds were often buried with monarchs. The stone was so greatly valued by Egyptians that Cleopatra claimed ownership of all emerald mines during her reign.

Roman scholar Pliny the Elder is credited with the following statement about the beautiful green stone:  "Indeed, no stone has a color that is more delightful to the eye, for, whereas the sight fixes itself with avidity upon the green grass and the foliage of the trees, we have all the more pleasure in looking upon the emerald, there being no gem in existence more intense than this.” Meanwhile, it’s believed that Roman emperor Nero would watch the gladiator games through thin, flat emeralds.

The Muzo tribe of Columbia had such well-hidden emerald mines that it took the Spanish conquistadors nearly twenty years to discover them. Indeed, the violent conflicts between natives of present-day South America and European colonists shadow the history of emerald acquisition (usually on behalf of royalty) in Western European countries.

Gold, set with table-cut emeralds, and hung with an emerald drop from Colombia, currently exhibited at Victoria and Albert Museum

Gold, set with table-cut emeralds, and hung with an emerald drop from Colombia, currently exhibited at Victoria and Albert Museum.

In addition to being seen as a protective force, over the centuries, emeralds have also been credited with the ability to cure stomach problems, control epilepsy, stop bleeding, and ward off panic and anxiety. Some cultures even believed that emeralds granted the owner foresight—when the emerald was placed under the tongue!

Emerald is still celebrated as a symbol of rebirth, new beginnings, loyalty, and security—making it a perfect birthstone for the lush month of May. This lovely stone also serves as a gift for 20th and 35th wedding anniversaries.

A beveled square-cut emerald in a platinum setting, surrounded by 109 round and 20 baguette cut diamonds.

Hooker Emerald Brooch, 1950. A beveled square-cut emerald in a platinum setting, surrounded by 109 round and 20 baguette-cut diamonds.

Are you a fan of emeralds?

See also: 

December Birthstone: Zircon

November Birthstones: Topaz and Citrine

The Meaning of Pearls

__

Photos: Wikimedia Commons

Posted in beryl, birthstones, emerald, gem facts, gem lore

Pretty Ways to Display Your Jewelry

Posted on April 12, 2018 by Mary Hood | 0 Comments

The best part of owning jewelry, of course, is wearing it! But we can’t wear all of our jewelry all of the time. Artistically organizing and displaying our jewelry is a great way to enjoy the jewelry we’re not wearing at the moment, add a splash of beauty to our living space—and show off our impeccable tastes in the process.

We recommend displaying your more casual jewelry or jewelry that could easily be replaced. For truly valuable pieces, it’s better to store them somewhere safer where they will be protected from gathering dust and getting lost in the shuffle of things. 

 Pretty Ways to Display Your Jewelry | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Blog

Display your favorite rings in a pretty dish.

Tip: In some cases, less is more. Too much jewelry in one dish defeats the purpose of displaying your jewelry.  

 Pretty Ways to Display Your Jewelry | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Blog

Pretty Ways to Display Your Jewelry | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Blog

Opt for an eclectic way to present your jewelry as shown on I Heart Organizing.
Tip: Save and clean empty candle jars. These make pretty--and handy--storage tools. 
 Pretty Ways to Display Your Jewelry | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Blog
Find creative way to show off your chunky necklaces, à la this Jewelry Display featured on Cupcakes and Cashmere

Tip: Scour thrift stores and antique markets for vintage busts and designer forms. These pieces can "wear" and show off your jewelry when you're not!

 Pretty Ways to Display Your Jewelry | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Blog

Get crafty with a DIY Chicken Wire Chandelier Earring Organizer like this one featured on Crafts Unleashed.
Tip: Head to your local hardware store for a small window frame. Spray paint the frame a pretty color before attaching chicken wire. 

 Pretty Ways to Display Your Jewelry | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Blog

Place large baubles in a candy dish as shown on The Everygirl
Tip: A mirrored tray like the one featured here will make your jewelry collection seem twice as large! 

 Pretty Ways to Display Your Jewelry | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Blog

Go for a modern, minimalist approach with this DIY Mountain Necklace Display featured on The Merrythought.

Tip: Unfinished wood can make a beautiful, refreshing statement. 

 Pretty Ways to Display Your Jewelry | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Blog

Try this Delicate Necklace Solution from Cupcakes and Cashmere.

Tip: If you're going to pin your jewelry to a wall or board, opt for delicate pins in gold, silver, or white.

 What are your favorite ways to organize and display your jewelry?

You may also be interested in:

Geometric Jewelry and Interior Design 

Pantone Colors of the Year 2016: Rose Quartz and Serenity 

Are Gold Facials Really Worth It?

Photos: Cupcakes and Cashmere, I Heart Organizing, Crafts Unleashed, The Everygirl, The Merrythought 

Posted in Decor, DIY, home decor, interior design, jewelry crafts, jewelry dispaly, jewelry storage

What Is Enamel Jewelry?

Posted on March 08, 2018 by Mary Hood | 0 Comments

Enamel in jewelry and decorative work goes by a few names—vitreous enamel, porcelain enamel, and painted glass. The word enamel comes from the Old High German word smelzan, which means to smelt.

What Is Enamel Jewelry? | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Jewelry

Enamel jewelry can feature several vivid hues. 

In jewelry, enamel is a decorate coating applied to metal. It begins as a powder with a texture similar to that of baby powder. It’s fused to metals using high temperatures (1,380-1,560°F). Although enamel powder comes in different colors, the initial colors of the powder do not ultimately represent the vivid colors resulting from the high-temperature fusion process.

The temperature of the fusion process as well as the metal oxides content of the enamel determine the resulting color’s intensity as well as its transparency. Generally speaking, higher temperatures yield more durable, translucent enamel while lower temps yield softer, more opaque enamel, which is more vulnerable to damage.

What Is Enamel Jewelry? | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Jewelry

Enamel jewelry is made using fine, colored powder.

The Origins of Enamel Jewelry

Enamel design can be traced back to the ancient Persians who called the art meenakari. The ancient Egyptians also practiced enamel work on stone objects and pottery—and less frequently on jewelry.

What Is Enamel Jewelry? | What Is Enamel Jewelry?

Chinese cloisonné wine pot, circa 18th century.

The art of enameling seemed to know no geographic bounds and spread to China, Rome, Greek, Celtic territories, and the Byzantine Empire. Each culture brought its own style to the art. The Chinese, for example, perfected the cloisonné technique. Cloisonné is also known as the "cell technique." Wires are adhered to a surface in a desired pattern; the artist then fills the spaces created by the wire with enamel. 

What Is Enamel Jewelry? | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Jewelry

A Fabergé egg. 

More recently, enamel jewelry gained popularity during the Art Nouveau era in art and design in Europe and the United States (1890-1910). Artists like Peter Carl Fabergé specialized in bibelots (baubles), like the elaborate enamel egg pictured above.  Other artists, like George Stubbs, used enamel to create portrait miniatures. This period was an especially ripe time for jewelry making and design in part because enameling allowed artists like René Lalique and Eugéne Feuillâtre to create intricate, nature-inspired jewelry. Enamel also offered a way to feature vibrant color in jewelry without the use of precious stones. 

Common Design Styles in Enamel Jewelry

There are several design styles in enamel jewelry (including cloisonné, mentioned above). The following are just three that you may come across.

What Is Enamel Jewelry? | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Jewelry

A stunning and delicate plique à jour creation by René Lalique.

Plique à Jour. French for “glimpse of day,” this style was popularized by French enamelists René Lalique and Eugéne Feuillâtre. In this style, vivid, fairly translucent enamel is suspended between gold or silver wires without any backing. The light shines through the enamel, creating a beautiful stained-glass effect.

What Is Enamel Jewelry | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Blog

A contemporary example of champlené enameling. 

Champlené. French for “raised field,” in this style, the jeweler creates a depression in the metal (by cutting, hammering, or stamping the metal). They then fill the depressions with enamel, layering the the enamel until it reaches the height of the surrounding metal, creating a mostly smooth surface.

What Is Enamel Jewelry | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Blog

The baise taille technique allows enamelists to create nuanced texture in the smallest of pieces. 

Baise Taille. French for “low cut,” this style features a pattern created in the metal over which enamel is applied. The pattern shows through the glass for a unique texture.

Caring for Enamel Jewelry

To clean enamel jewelry, soak the piece in warm, soapy water for five to ten minutes. Use a soft cloth to remove noticeable bits of dirt. Rinse the piece and dry it with a lint-free cloth.

If your enamel jewelry is damaged, please take it to a jewelry or artist who specializing in enamel. Repairing antique enamel is an especially delicate process since using high temperatures to fuse new enamel may negatively affect the older enamel on the piece. 

Are you a lover of enamel jewelry? What's your favorite style? 

You may also be interested in: 

What Are the Different Kinds of Pearls?

Trend Watch: Black Jewelry

What Are Cameos and How Are They Made?

____

Photos: Jewelry Making DailyAntique Jewelry University, Wikimedia Commons, Aloha Designs, Amazing AdronmentsCotton Boll Conspiracy

Posted in art nouveau, enamel, informative, jewelry history, lalique

February Birthstone: Amethyst

Posted on February 01, 2018 by Mary Hood | 0 Comments

The February birthstone amethyst is a variety of quartz with a beautiful violet hue. Its name comes from the ancient Greek for "intoxicated" (the stone was believed to protect its wearer from drunkenness). The purple hue can vary from a light, pinkish violet to a deep purple; the color is created by irradiation, iron impurities, and trace elements. Amethysts occur in the cavities of granite rocks and are found all over the world.

February Birthstone: Amethyst | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Jewelry

Amethysts Over the Years

February Birthstone: Amethyst | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Jewelry

Roman intaglio portrait of Caracalla in amethyst

The ancient Egyptians used amethysts to create intaglio engraved gems. Later, medieval European soldiers carried amethyst amulets into battle, believing that the stone would help heal wounds and keep one cool-headed. Western Christian bishops wear an episcopal ring that often includes an amethyst, an allusion Acts 2:15, in which the apostles are not intoxicated at Pentecost.

Amethysts have also been associated with royalty and have appeared in scepters, crowns, and other items of regal jewelry. Amethyst is also said to have been the ninth stone in the breastplate of the high priest of Israel, Aaron, and one of the stones upon which the names of the tribes of Israel were engraved.

Modern Amethyst Lore

February Birthstone: Amethyst | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Jewelry

In the crystal healing tradition, amethyst is associated with peace, courage, stability, and clarity of mind. Wearing amethyst jewelry against your skin is believed to reduce stress and heighten the wearer’s intuition. Advocates of crystal healing recommend using them in meditation to more deeply connect with yourself.

Amethysts can also be used throughout the home to bring peace to any space. Placing an amethyst cluster near the entryway of your business is believed to attract abundance and new financial opportunities.

Try this self-reflection exercise using amethysts.

Amethysts at Barbara Michelle Jacobs Jewelry

February Birthstone: Amethyst | Barbara Michelle Jacobs Jewelry

Amethysts are featured in the Royal Ruby and Amethyst Twig Ring. This statement ring is designed to elevate everyday experiences—whether that’s just a trip to the store or a fine and fancy dinner—and remind you that you’re every bit as special as a royal lady!

Do you love amethysts?

You may also be interested in: The Meaning of Pearls 

Legends of Cursed Jewelry

The Tradition of Healing Stones

 

__

Photos: Wikimedia Commons, Energy Muse, Barbara Michelle Jacobs Jewelry

Posted in amethyst, birthstones, breastplate, crystal healing, crystal therapy, crystals, gem lore

The Legend of Cleopatra and the Pearl

Posted on January 11, 2018 by Mary Hood | 0 Comments

The Legend of Cleopatra and the Pearl

Accounts of Cleopatra VII’s (69-30 BCE) enchanting life story abound, but the story most likely to pique the interest of jewelry lovers involves a rather large and valuable pearl that the beautiful queen apparently drank!

According to the story, Cleopatra bet her lover Marc Antony that she could spend 10 million sesterces on one meal. To prove herself (while showing off her opulence), she removed one of her earrings, which apparently contained one of two of the largest pearls known in the land, dissolved it in vinegar, and then drank it.

In the words of Pliny the Elder (23 - 79 A.D.), “She ordered the second course to be served. In accordance with previous instructions, the servants placed in front of her only a single vessel containing vinegar. She took one earring off, and dropped the pearl in the vinegar, and when it was wasted away, swallowed it.” And the bet was won.

Until recently, this story was thought to be mere myth, but research indicates that this trick is actually possible.

"All you need is vinegar and a pearl. In my experiments, I used a white vinegar sold in supermarkets. Wine vinegar was most common in the Greco-Roman world, so it is likely that's what Cleopatra used," classicist Prudence Jones of Montclair State University explained to Discovery News. The acetic acid in the vinegar reacts with the calcium carbonate in the pearl and produces calcium acetate, water, and carbon dioxide. Interestingly, the cocktail wouldn’t taste as acidic as straight vinegar because the calcium carbonate somewhat neutralizes the acid in the vinegar.

The effect isn’t instantaneous, however. It takes roughly “24 to 36 hours to dissolve a pearl weighing approximately one gram.” The end result is a translucent gel-like substance.

Adrienne Mayor, a research scholar at Stanford University's Departments of Classics and History of Science, suggests that the myth—and its plausibility—may give us insight into the kind of clever character Cleopatra was:

The Legend of Cleopatra and the Pearl

“I think this research has convincingly demonstrated the technique that Cleopatra could have used to dissolve a pearl. We already know that this curious, intelligent queen carried out toxicological experiments," Mayor told Discovery News. "It's likely she softened the pearl in advance, then crushed it and placed it in a goblet to dazzle Marc Antony with her wealth and arcane scientific expertise.”

 

You may also like—The Origins of Crystal Healing

 

__

Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Posted in history, jewelry lore, jewelry stories, pearls

1 2 3 26 Next »